Gingiva (gum) tissue is very important for protecting teeth against bacteria and keeping the underlying bone from wearing down. When this tissue wears down, or recedes, the body loses this important protection. There are many reasons this may happen:
- Overaggressive brushing
- Hereditary thin gum tissue
- Inadequate brushing or flossing, which allows bacteria to grow between teeth and eat away at the underlying bone (periodontal disease)
- Frequent vomiting from eating disorders
- Dipping tobacco
- Grinding of the teeth
- Piercings in the lip or tongue that wear away gum tissue
Sensitivity to temperature or sweets may also be a symptom of gum recession. Sometimes a gingival graft can be avoided by more careful brushing and flossing, but more severe cases must be treated with grafting.
Gingival Graft Procedure
First, local anesthetic is used on the affected area to numb any pain. To replace the lost tissue, a piece of tissue is removed from the roof of the mouth, or gently moved over from an adjacent area. The new tissue is stitched into place to allow it to heal and create a new gum line. The procedure generally takes between 30-60 minutes, and may require a follow-up appointment to remove the stitches once the graft has healed.
Schedule a Gingival Graft with Stoner Periodontic Specialists
Dr. Jason C. Stoner and Dr. Daniel Murphy perform gingival grafts at their Dublin and New Albany offices in Columbus, Ohio. Please call (614) 889-8222 or click here to schedule an online appointment.