Periodontal disease has three stages- gingivitis, early periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Recognizing the signs early is critical to prevent progression to the final stage, advanced periodontitis.
Gingivitis is most commonly signified by gums that are tender, and also some bleeding during brushing or flossing. At the initial stage, gingivitis is usually reversible if corrective actions and proper care are implemented. It is important to brush and floss daily and to also schedule regular professional cleanings with your dentist. These actions will help to reverse gingivitis, and return your gums to a healthy state.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to the second and third stages of periodontal disease, early periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. At later stages, advanced care is required from a periodontist. The final stage of periodontal disease requires pocket reduction which turns or pulls back the gingival tissue, removing tartar and smoothing the roots so that the gingival tissue can reattach. Sometimes bone grafts may be a necessary part of the process to prevent the loss of teeth.
As you can see, catching periodontal disease early is the best way to prevent damage to your teeth and gums, and to avoid more drastic treatments. Be on the lookout for the early warning signs mentioned above. If you find yourself in need of professional periodontal therapies, please contact us at Stoner Periodontic Specialists in Columbus, Ohio.