Periodontal disease is the professional term used to describe gum disease. You have probably heard about this from your dentist or periodontist. However, you may not understand just how it can impact your life.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
There are different manifestations of this disease. Gingivitis and periodontitis are good examples. They all have to do with the build-up of plaque on your teeth. This plaque is made by food residue that forms a biofilm on the enamel.
Once this biofilm forms, bacteria make their home there. The bacteria at the bottom are anaerobic bacteria, which do not breathe oxygen. They make acids that eat away at your teeth and reveal the sensitive interior.
Are You at Risk?
Anyone is at risk if they eat and do not brush their teeth and floss, however, certain factors can put you at in increased risk. Smokers are more likely to develop periodontal disease as well as those with a genetic predisposition. Certain medications can cause a decrease in saliva production, which helps protect your mouth, thus leading to an increased risk for periodontal disease.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Symptoms include persistent bad breath, painful chewing, tender or bleeding gums, loose teeth, sensitive teeth, and receding gums. Regular check ups are important to diagnose the early warning signs of periodontal disease.
If the disease does not get too far, a dentist can simply scrape the plaque away. Treatments as serious as antibiotics or oral surgery may be necessary if this problem is not treated immediately. Stoner Periodontic Specialists offers a variety of treatments and therapies for periodontal disease, Contact us today for a periodontal consultation to develop a customized treatment plan.