Gum disease is extremely common, but when it goes untreated, it can lead to major oral problems, including tooth loss. Since this condition may be present in your mouth, it is vital to recognize the three stages of gingivitis. When you know what is happening in your mouth, you can uncover treatments that will restore positive oral health.
The first stage of gum disease is early periodontitis. At this point, plaque builds on teeth and along the gum line, which leads to inflammation. Gums appear red, and bleeding may occur. A person may experience halitosis as well.
The next stage of gum disease is mild periodontitis. Teeth separate from the gums and deeper pockets begin to develop. This makes it challenging for a person to completely clean all of the mouth. These pockets become places where calculus forms and may start to harm the tissue that keeps teeth in place. At this point, a dentist may prescribe antibiotics to stop bacteria from depositing and to halt the loss of tissue.
The final stage of gum disease is advanced periodontitis. It is the time when extreme damage has been done. Ligaments may be totally deteriorated, and bone loss may be a problem. Since gaps between gums and teeth have become severe, infections are likely to begin. To solve the problem, diseased teeth are commonly pulled, and bone grafts may need to be performed.
It is alarming to learn that poor oral health is linked to other medical issues, including heart disease. If you notice a problem, it is crucial to seek help from your dentist. Our team here at Stoner Periodontic Specialists are always willing to help recommend ways to avoid gum disease and to solve small problems before they become severe. For an appointment, contact us today.