Gum recession, or gingival recession is characterized by visible roots, sensitivity to cold, brushing or sweets, and loose teeth. Brushing your teeth too hard, not brushing your teeth thoroughly, clenching or grinding your teeth and periodontal disease (gum or bone loss) are all causes of gum recession. Below we answer some of the most common questions we hear from patients about the causes of gum recession.
Gum recession, or root exposure, is a disease or pathological process unrelated to age or genetics. Characterized by visible roots, sensitivity to cold or touch or, in extreme cases, loose teeth. Exposed tooth roots are the result of gum recession. Your gums may have receded for a variety of reasons. Most common is aggressive tooth brushing or periodontal disease.
How do I get cavities in my root?
Roots are porous in nature, much like a sponge. They have holes and tunnels in them, called tubules that, when exposed, accumulate food particles, byproducts and bacteria. This invasion very rapidly results in loss of mineralization of the tooth and cavities can invade the root when exposed.
How do my teeth get loose or will I lose my teeth if I have gum recession?
A firm band of tissue called attached tissue is usually attached to the root and provides a cinching effect around the teeth, much like a tie around the neck. Attached tissue prevents foreign materials from getting between the tooth and gums and infecting the bone. This important protection is lost with gum recession. Therefore when the bone is exposed to foreign materials, it recedes to protect itself along with the gum. This provides for significant loss of bone support for the tooth, which is permanent. Bone loss usually cannot be replaced.
To learn more about gum disease and recession and treatment around Columbus, Ohio, visit our Gum Disease and Recession page.